Reforestation ensures California meets the wood products needs of the State while growing sustainable forests for coming generations.
The magnificent thing about trees is that they are a renewable natural resource. This means that they can be grown, harvested, replanted over and over in a continuous cycle to provide clean air and water, habitat for wildlife, lumber and other wood products. This process is called reforestation. Reforestation is important because it maintains wildlife habitat, soil productivity, water quality and wood products in the future.
The two common techniques of reforestation are natural regeneration and planting. Natural regeneration relies on nature to return an area to forestland after trees are harvested. Through natural regeneration, new trees grow from seeds that are transported to the area by wind, animals, or that fell off surrounding mature trees. Or, as in the case of redwood trees, new trees sprout from the base of the cut tree – these trees are called resprouts.
Reforestation by planting involves the planting of seedlings grown in a nursery. When seedlings are planted spacing and tree species are considered to give the new seedlings the best likelihood for survival. Although planting is more expensive than natural regeneration, the result is usually a more productive stand in a shorter period of time.